Problem with energy and light.
As discussed very briefly in the paragraph regarding this experiments construction, energy also presents an enormous problem for Urey and Miller. Miller and Urey used a tungsten spark device to generate a 60,000 volt charge. This step is crucial in the experiment as this is truly the “jump start” moment of the hypothesis. This is a problem however if the suggestion is that lightning was the source of this energy. While it is true that lightning has been recorded at the voltages that Urey and Miller used, there are other problems associated with lightning that are not addressed. Heat. The heat generated in the air around a lightning strike soars up to 30,000 degrees Kelvin. That is 50,000 degrees Fahrenheit. That is three times hotter than the surface of our Sun. This temperature lies far outside the temperature zone that is tolerable by organic materials.
Another explanation for the source of energy is just that, our Sun. However, this still poses major problems for several different reasons. All energy sources can disrupt the protein formation process, including those forms necessary for abiogenesis such as lightning and Ultraviolet light (UV)15. UV light however is especially dangerous and highly toxic to life. It is so toxic in fact, that it is currently used in hospitals, and other environments where sterility is of high importance, to kill off microorganisms that could spread infection. The reason that it is so toxic to life is because the quantum levels of long wave radiation are present in great magnitudes over the short wave radiation. If you attempted to use UV light to create amino acids in a lab today, the result would be, 4 to 5 levels of magnitude greater destruction of those acids, than of their creation. Amino acids naturally break down in sunlight. Miller was required to filter out the wavelengths that would be destructive to amino acid creation, while simultaneously allowing other, beneficial wavelengths to pass through.
Questions for you.
Knowing that proteins and amino acids cannot survive temperatures greater than 122F (50C) and lower than 86F (30C), how do you propose that they survived the heat of a lightning strike which generates temperatures of up to 50,000F?
If naturally occurring sunlight has a greater concentration of long wave radiation than short wave radiation, where did the UV light come from that had the opposite configuration of more short wave radiation and less long wave radiation?
What was the filter in nature, that allowed the proper type of UV light to be administered, while blocking the wavelengths prohibitive to amino acid creation?
If UV light was the source of energy, how was it able to disperse evenly enough in the “waters of the primordial soup” so as to allow a perfect distribution of long and short wave radiation?
Problem With The Complexity Of Life.
This response paper up until now has dealt mainly with the formation of amino acids and proteins. Amino acids have been the focus because they were the attempted output of this experiment. Proteins have been addressed because they are the next step after the creation of amino acids. However, amino acids and proteins are not the only chemical precursors to life. There are a myriad of other chemical components necessary for biological life including but not limited to sugars, lipids, carbohydrates, metals, and phosphates. If anything, since the time of scientists like Darwin and Miller, our knowledge of the increasing complexity of microscopic processes has increased. With this increase in cellular observation has come less and less explanation, from naturalists and Darwinists, for how these incredible cellular and chemical machines could have evolved over time without all of their pieces in working order.
Problems With Information .
The final problem that is encountered as a result of the claims of this experiment is information. It is true, that amino acids are a vital key in the chain of life. However, amino acids are rendered useless without information encoded onto Deoxyribonucleic Acid (DNA) or Ribonucleic Acid (RNA). The problem is that the DNA and the RNA provide instructions for the sequences to turn amino acids into proteins. Information that cannot be accessed is useless.
15. – Williams, E.L., The evolution of complex organic compounds from simpler chemical compounds: is it thermodynamically and kinetically possible? CRSQ 4:30-35, 1967.